Measles Information
Measles Statistics
Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus and is one of the leading causes of death among young children even though a vaccine is available.

The majority of people who get measles are unvaccinated.
Interactive: Ryan McLarty/QMI Agency
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Signs
Initial symptoms:

1. Fever (10-12 days after exposure); lasts 4-7 days

2. Red, watery, itchy eyes; sensitivity to light

3. Runny nose, cough

4. By Day 3: Small white spots inside the cheeks

5. Day 3-5: Blotchy, flat red rash appears, usually on face and upper neck, then spreading to the body, arms and legs; rash may or may not be itchy The rash will last for 5-6 days, then fade
Complications
Most measles-related deaths are caused by complications associated with the disease.

About one third of people infected will develop complications, which are more common in children under the age of 5 or adults over the age of 20.

Complications include:
• Blindness
• Brain swelling
• Severe diarrhea
• Ear infections
• Pneumonia
Transmission
Spread by coughing and sneezing, close personal contact or direct contact with infected nasal or throat secretions.

The virus remains active and contagious in the air or on infected surfaces for up to 2 hours.

It can be transmitted by an infected person from 4 days prior to the onset of the rash to 4 days after the rash erupts.
Treatment
No specific antiviral treatment exists for measles virus.

Drink plenty of fluid

Rest

Stay home to avoid spreading the disease.